|San Antonio-New Braunfels Housing Affordability Outlook||San Antonio-New Braunfels Housing Affordability Outlook||Clare Losey, Harold D. Hunt, and Reece Neathery||2022-05-05T05:00:00Z||technical-report||Residential|
The first quarter saw a continued uptick in both the median sales price and first-quartile sales price for the San Antonio-New Braunfels MSA (Figure 1).1 The year-over-year (YOY) growth in median sales price and first-quartile sales price in the San Antonio-New Braunfels MSA measured 18.7 percent and 17.5 percent, respectively, significantly higher than average YOY growth for the first quarter (Table 1). The median sales price measured $305,000; the first-quartile sales price, $235,000. Following years of generally sluggish growth, family income increased considerably. From 2021 to 2022, the median family income rose 12.7 percent (Table 2). However, as long as the rise in home prices continues to outpace the increase in income, purchase affordability, or the ability of a household to buy a home, will continue to diminish.
Meanwhile, mortgage interest rates remained low by historical standards, averaging 3.82 percent in 1Q2022 (Figure 2). All other things being equal, lower (higher) mortgage interest rates translate into lower (higher) monthly mortgage payments and ease (diminish) purchase affordability. The Federal Reserve is widely anticipated to continue to raise the federal funds rate over the near-term to reduce inflationary pressures, which will likely prompt additional increases in mortgage interest rates. The 30-year fixed-rate mortgage average in the U.S. increased nearly one percentage point in March, rising from 3.76 percent to 4.67 percent. For more information on the effect of mortgage interest rates on purchase affordability, please see "How Higher Interest Rates Affect Homebuying."
1 The first quartile reflects the lowest-priced 25 percent of homes sold in a particular geography. The first-quartile sales price represents the highest home price among those lowest-priced 25 percent of homes sold. If the price of the lowest 25 percent of homes sold ranges from $100,000 to $150,000, then the first-quartile sales price would be $150,000.
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